Basic Knowledge of Golf Scores

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Many people who are planning to make their debut on the course may be unsure of the rules regarding scores. Golf scores use their own terminology, so it is vital to remember them.

Therefore, this article summarizes the basics of golf scores so that even beginners can understand them. It also explains the local rules, which are the rules of each golf course.

The Basic Structure of Golf Scores

This section explains the basic structure of golf scores.

There are also local rules, so make sure you understand them. In golf, there are no referees, and scores are self-reported. Be sure to keep track of your score.

How to read a golf score

The scorecard, on which you enter your golf score, can be found in the starting room of the golf course or given to you along with your locker key at the reception. The scorecard contains the hole number, difficulty level, number of shots, distance, and other information.

The first thing you need to do is write your name and the names of your companions on the scorecard, with your name at the top. Write your name at the top of the scorecard, and next to it, write both your score and your companion’s score at the end of each hole.

By writing down the score of your companion, you will know the batting order for the next hole, and you can check each other’s scores at the end of the hole. When you have finished all the holes, write down the total number of shots.

On the scorecard, right next to the place where you write your score, there is a place separated by a dotted line. If you write down the number of putters you have made, you can keep track of the number of putters you have made, which will help you improve your golf game.

The fewer golf scores, the better.

The fewer golf scores you have, the more likely you are to win. The fewer the total score, the more you compete.

However, in the case of amateur golf, there is a handicap called the “new peria system” (double peria). Since golf is a sport in which differences in ability tend to show, handicaps are used to make play more interesting.

About the New Peria System

The following is a simple explanation of the rules of the new peria system.

There are 12 hidden holes in the New Pellia system. The hidden holes are handicap holes that are set so that the total par is 48.

The handicap number is calculated by multiplying the total number of shots for the 12 hidden holes by 1.5, subtracting 72 from that number, and then multiplying by 0.8, and subtracting that number from the actual score.

For example, if the total score is 150 and the total score of the 12 hidden holes is 100. His or her score will be “150-((100*1.5-72)*0.8)=87 (rounded to the nearest whole number).

Which hole is a hidden hole is not revealed to the player. That is why they are called hidden holes. You won’t know who won until the end of the game, so it’s a lot of fun. Although there is a strong element of luck, advanced players have an advantage over beginners because they can consistently score well on every hole.

There are 18 holes in a golf course, and you compete for the total score.

There are 18 holes in a golf course, and the rule is to compete for the total score of 18 holes per round. There are some golf courses that have 27 or 36 holes.

Golf courses are generally divided into out-course and in-course, with holes 1 to 9 being the out-course and holes 10 to 18 being the in-course.

Golf score is the number of shots plus the number of penalties (penalties)

The golf score is determined by the number of shots plus the number of penalties.

In golf, if you do certain things, you are at a disadvantage because of the number of penalties added to your score. I will explain later what kind of things will increase the number of penalties.

Each hole has a set number of strokes

Each hole in golf has a set number of strokes, which is called “par”.

In general, the number of pars is 72 for 18 holes in total, and depending on the golf course, the number may be 70 or 71. Golfers play with this number as their target.

How to count a golf score

Here is an explanation of how to count golf scores.

It depends on the number of shots away from the target, so it is important to remember this to communicate with other golfers.

When you are more than the prescribed number of shots

Let’s talk about golf scores when you are more than the prescribed number of shots.

I will also explain why it is called that.

Bogey: +1 stroke

If you hit one more shot than the prescribed number of shots, you have a “bogey.

The term “bogey” comes from the lyrics of the British song, “I’m the Bogey Man, catch me if you can.

The word “bogey” comes from the lyrics of the British song “I’m the Bogey Man, catch me if you can,” meaning “the bogey man is hard to catch.

Double bogey: +2 shots

A double bogey is when you hit two more shots than the prescribed number.

If you want to achieve a golf score below 100, which is the goal of many amateur golfers, you need to hole out with a double bogey on average.

Triple bogey: +3 shots

If you hit three more shots than the stipulated number of shots, you will have a “triple bogey”.

If you hit more than three shots, it is followed by quadruple bogey, and quintuple bogey, but these terms are not often used.

When the number of shots is less than the regulation

When a player clears the hole in one in less than a certain number of shots, there is also a specific name for it.

Except for hole-in-one, the other terms are derived from the names of birds, so it is important to remember the origin of these terms.

Par: exactly the number of shots required

If you hit exactly the right number of shots, it is called “par”.

The term “par” originally referred to a number used as a standard for stock trading. The term “par” was originally used by golf reporters to refer to the number of shots in a golf game, and this is how it came to be called.

Birdie: -1 stroke

A player is called a “birdie” when he or she hits one less than the prescribed number of shots.

Birdie is derived from the English name for a small bird, “birdie”. The word “birdie” also means “wonderful” in the U.S., which is how it became popular.

Eagle: -2 hits

When a player hits two shots less than the specified number of shots, he is called an “eagle. If you are a long distance golfer, you can aim for an eagle on long holes, but if you are a beginner, don’t try.

The eagle is the English name for the eagle, which is also the national emblem of the United States. An eagle is larger than a normal bird, so it represents superiority over a birdie.

Albatross: -3 less than a stroke.

When you hit three less than the prescribed number of shots, it is called an “Albatross”. Like the hole-in-one, it is rarely achieved.

The name “albatross” comes from the English name of the albatross. The albatross is a bird that uses its wings and wind to fly long distances, hence the name.

Hole-in-one: 1 shot

When you hit the ball suddenly into the cup on the first swing, it is called a “hole-in-one.

The probability of a hole-in-one is about once in a lifetime. When an amateur golfer makes a hole-in-one, a party is held to celebrate, or if the golfer has golfer’s insurance, a memento is given to the members of the team who were playing together. They share their good fortune with others.

In the case of professional golfers, when they hit a hole-in-one in a tournament, the golf course or the company that sponsors the tournament may give them a special memento or prize money.

Cases in which a penalty is imposed in golf

The following is an introduction to the types of hitting penalties that can be imposed in golf.

If you commit any of these acts, you must add it to the number of shots and report it as your score.

Cases that result in a one-stroke penalty

There are three types of penalties that can result in a one-stroke penalty as follows

  • Pond hitting (when the ball cannot be hit from the pond)
  • Lost ball
  • OB

OB is an abbreviation for “Out of Bounds,” and refers to when the ball flies out of the playing area.

If the tee shot becomes OB, hit the tee shot as the third shot with one stroke penalty. Otherwise, if the tee shot becomes OB, you should hit from near where you hit the ball after adding one stroke penalty.

However, the local rules may apply “Playing 4” (4 forward shots). When Playing 4 is applied, it is possible to hit the fourth shot from a special tee with a penalty of two strokes if the tee shot is OB. This rule is designed to speed up the game of golf.

Pond Poachers

If you hit the ball into a water hazard, you will be penalized one stroke.

You can choose to hit the ball on the back of the line connecting the point where you think the ball crossed the pond and the pin, drop the ball in the vicinity, or return to your original position and hit it again.

Lost Ball

In golf, losing a ball is called a “lost ball”.

You have three minutes to find your ball. If the ball is not found within that time, it is a lost ball and you will be penalized one stroke. If the ball is lost, you have to go back to the place where you hit the ball and hit it again.

However, since that is quite severe, local rules often allow you to hit from the area around the lost ball.

Cases in which two-stroke penalty is applied

There are two cases that result in a two-stroke penalty as follows

The club touches the sand in the bunker.

When the club touches the sand in the bunker.

The club touches the sand in the bunker

Before hitting the ball in the bunker, if you swing and the club touches the sand, you will be penalized two strokes.

This is a mistake that beginners tend to make, so be careful. Touching the sand with your hands is also a two-stroke penalty.

Applying the Playing 4 (Local Rules)

As a local rule, if you are on a course where OB is frequently encountered off the tee, you can choose to hit the OB again from a designated place called “special teeing ground”, which is called “Playing 4”.

This is called “Playing 4” and it is a rule to play golf more speedily. If you choose to play 4, you will be penalized two strokes, so you will have to start from the fourth tee.

Cases where no penalty is imposed

Finally, let’s take a look at the cases that do not result in a penalty.

Striking out

If you strike out, there is no penalty.

The swing is counted as one stroke, and play continues. For example, if you strike out on the first swing, you can start with the second swing next time.


In this article, I explained the basics of golf score.

After each hole, you have to report your score to your companion. At the end of play, you must report your total score to determine your ranking. You have to keep track of your score by yourself.

Be sure to learn how the score works and how to write it down. Depending on local rules, handicaps may apply, etc., so it is also important to check what the rules are beforehand.

Make sure you learn the golf score rules before you make your debut on the course!

Having an apple watch Golf Score Counter will definitely help you… any time!


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